Why different camera shots and angles used in filmmaking
Hi friends, who are passionate to filmmaking. They are on right place to know why different camera shots and angles used in filmmaking.
As filmmaking was developing film language is developed. Our language made by the basic elements. Which are alphabets, words, sentence, Paragraphs, chapter or lesion, book etc.
As like as language, film have visual language. Film speak in visuals.
So If you want to be filmmaker learn visual language.
film language have basic elements, Frame, Shot, Scene, Camera angles Dramatic block etc.
In that you want to tell your story in visuals. No doubt film is audio visual medium but as compare to audio you must learn first visual language of film.
One second of recording o video is 24 frames per second. In short 24 images in series makes one second of recording.
Also canvas in camera means what area will show in camera is called as a frame.
Size of frames there are different size of frames. Now a days 1920 by 1080 resolution and 16:9 aspect ratio is used in film. Old is 640 by 480, 4:3
Shot is made of many frames. Single frame can be a shot in film. Shot is any part between cut in film. At the time of shooting start recording and pause or stop the recording is means shot.
Camera Shot size
Film is medium who gives the experience of that particular situation, time, mood because film close the gap between audience and screen through the using various shot size. Because of shot audience feel the situation. For example Close up shot give experience of object or person in shot is close to him or He is feeling that object in closer mode.
This thing not possible in plays in theater. Because audience watch them in one shot size. That’s why film has best storytelling capacity. Audiences are connecting the situation of film. They feel emotions.
Basic camera shot sizes
There are many shot sizes people call them as per they want but in industry, they have particular names as per shot size.
what are the different types of camera shots.
Distance between camera and subject
Technically Shot sizes are the distance between camera and object. Means longer distance between character and camera shot size will increase automatically.
Another important factor is lenses.
Cinematography techniques the different types of shots in film
Lenses of camera
This is second factor which change the shot size.
Using various type of lenses. Shot size will change.
- 18 mm wide lens
This lens cover wide area in front of camera.
- 35 mm lens
This is narrow than 18 mm lens means it cover minimum area of subject than 18 mm lens.
- 70 mm lens
This narrow than 35 mm. area cover in frame minimum than 35 mm
Note that more lens size increases area cover by camera is decrease.
That’s why 70-200 lens used for close up of character or any object.
Different types of camera shots in film
what are the types of camera shots
- Long Shot
what does a long shot mean ?
This shot size is used for show audience what object are nearby character.
This shot is used in film for establishment purpose.
In sholay long and extreme long shot are used to established the village and houses.
- Extreme long shot
It is wider than long shot. This shot is used in film for establishment. Nearby situation of our object. It is used for what and where the things are happening.
towers shown in picture are extremely long.
- Full shot
This shot have size, head to toes of character in frame. This shot is used to show full size of object.
Different Camera shots and their Effects
- Mid long shot
Mid long shot is head to knees.
Purpose of shot is to show character up to knees.
- Mid shot
This shot is head to waist. Mid shot camera angle.
- Mid close up
Head to chest
- Close up shot
Head to shoulder
- Extreme Close up shot
- Extreme close up meaning
what is a extreme close up shot
This shot is extreme close up of any object. This shot is used to show detailing of things. Many times you watch in film extreme close of wall clock, Any wepon, ring in finger, eye.
Extreme close up of eyes used for character in film is looking at someone, or watching something which is very important or powerful. It is also shows for eyes movement, feeling of eyes, tears in eyes etc. These are Different types of camera shots in film. Extreme close up meaning.
Tow shot means two characters or object in frame
Three character or object in frame.
Over the sholder shot
This shot is mostly use in conversation of two character.
OTS used to follow establishment shot and this shot helpful for audience characters same on position.
Master shot in film
Master shot not have his own particular size. Mostly master shot are long shot, full shot.
Purpose of master shot is to cover all scene in one shot. In that all scene is shooted in full shot or long shot.
After taking of master shot insert are taking in that scene which used in editing to place in that scene.
What are insert?
Inserts are close, mid and other shot as per requirement. These are Cinematography techniques the different types of shots in film.
Camera angles used in film
why are different camera angles used in films. Camera angles in film.
Camera angles are also used for meaning making process. In storytelling it is also basic element of film. Camera angles and shot are used to create different meaning while some thing are commen.
- High angle shot
High angle with long shot is mostly used for establish the places in film.
It gives total views of that place.
High angle of any character
It means character is very weak or powerless. Also to tell someone is powerful than him.
Camera position is camera tilt down to subject.
- Low angle shot in film
low angle and dutch angle low angle camera shot.
Low angle makes character more poewrfull. It is used to show how character is poerfull.
Camera position is camera tilt up toword character.
- Dutch angle shot in film
Dutch angle is tilt horizontally on axis. Horizontal line of the shot is not parallel with bottom of frame.
Dutch angle used to show now something different going to happen. Dutch angle creates tension, Also tell dramatic changes.
Dutch angle used in many horror films.
- Eye level shot
It is most common shot in film. Eye level means character in frame is appears same level of audience. Characters in frame connect to audience personally.
In eye level no tilt up or tilt down of camera head. Camera position is where horizontal level of character. It is midpoint of between high and low angle. These are Different types of camera angles in photography. These are different Camera angles in film.
Why different shot size are using in film ? Why Different Camera Shots and Angles used in filmmaking ?
Well most important thing is director want to show many things to audience. In thant activity and action. Also establishment of situation.
If you understand the what are activity and why the activity are showing in frames.
Women making chapati in kitchen, her hands are rolling chapati and meanwhile she is talking something to her husband. Two things are important here.
You can’t show activity of hand in close up of her face.
For showing activity of women you must use to mid shot. In that shot audience knowing women is rolling chapati.
Why mid shot ?
Because in mid shot two things will clear. Who is what doing ?
If you use close up of hands and close up of her face then it will be little confusing to audience
Close of face is useful for dialogue and showing emotions of her face.
Close up of hand showing audience, hands are working. But that hands are of women or different women this will never clear in both shot. For this establishment purpose, you must use mid shot.
Now consider her husband is comes in kitchen. After listening of her voice.
You must use full shot to establish he comes in kitchen and both are talking then.
Hope you guys now you will understand “why different camera shots and angles used in filmmaking ” Types of shots in video production and what purpose behind that. For more updates stay connected with films to films.
How to shoot different angles with one camera Camera angles in film Basic camera shots. Mid shot camera angle . Cinematography camera angles. very long shot. eye level shot eye level camera angle film angles.